QUIZ/TEST

ASCIIASCII stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. Computers can only understand numbers, so an ASCII code is the numerical representation of a character such as ‘a’ or ‘@’ or an action of some sort.

Charles Babbagean English mathematician, philosopher, inventor, and mechanical engineer who originated a programmable computer.

Herman Hollerith– a German-American statistician who developed a mechanical tabulator based on punched cards in order to rapidly tabulate statistics from millions of pieces of data.

Colossus– The Colossus machines were electronic computing devices used by British code breakers to read encrypted German messages during World War II. These were the world’s first programmable, digital, electronic, computing devices. They used vacuum tubes to perform the calculations.

Mauchly and Neumann- an American physicist who, along with J. Presper Eckert, designed ENIAC, the first general purpose electronic digital computer.

John Von Neumann- a Hungarian American mathematician who made major contributions to a vast range of fields including set theory, functional analysis, quantum mechanics, ergodic theory, continuous geometry, economics and game theory, computer science, numerical analysis, hydrodynamics, and statistics, as well as many other mathematical fields.

IBM- International Business Machines Corporation, The company is one of the few information technology companies with a continuous history dating back to the 19th century.

Kilby and Noyce- Kilby and Noyce were electrical engineers who in the late 1950s, working separately, invented the integrated circuit, better known as the microchip.

Ted Hoff- one of the inventors of the microprocessor. Hoff, an engineer, joined Intel in 1967 as employee number 12, and is credited with coming up with the idea of a universal processor instead of custom-designed circuits.

Douglas Engelbart- He is best known for inventing the computer mouse.

Xerox- a global document management company which manufactures and sells a range of color and black-and-white printers, multifunction systems, and photocopies.

Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs- an American computer engineer and the co-founder of Apple Computer, with Steve Jobs. His inventions and machines are credited with contributing greatly to the personal computer revolution of the 1970s.

Bill Gates- an American business magnate, philanthropist, the world’s richest person, and chairman of Microsoft, the software company he founded with Paul Allen.

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